Kathleen Cleaver Unisex T-Shirt

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Kathleen Cleaver Unisex T-Shirt

$ 28.99

LIMITED EDITION

Finally, a way to show your respect for some of the greatest icons, legends and pioneers that paved the way past and present. Rock this gear in style and bring back the moments that made you, memories they gave you and/or lessons they taught you. Scroll down for a history lesson with some of our favorite clips.

Welcome to the Respect Due family the Kathleen Cleaver! We salute you.

Features:

  • 4.2 oz., 100% airlume combed and ringspun cotton
  • retail fit
  • unisex sizing
  • shoulder taping
  • side-seamed
  • pre-shrunk
SKU: 30988 Categories: , ,
Clear

Description

Civil Rights History Project: Kathleen Cleaver

Kathleen Neal Cleaver (born May 13, 1945) is an American professor of law, known for her involvement with the Black Power movement and the Black Panther Party.

Kathleen Neal Cleaver was born in Dallas, Texas, on May 13, 1945. Her parents were both activists and college graduates of the University of Michigan. Her father was a sociology professor at Wiley College in Marshall, Texas, and her mother earned a master’s degree in mathematics. Three years after Cleaver was born, her father, Ernest Neal, accepted a job as the director of the Rural Life Council of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and they moved to a predominantly black community beside the campus. Six years later, Ernest joined the Foreign Service. The family moved abroad and lived in such countries as IndiaLiberiaSierra Leone, and the Philippines. Spending time in India exposed Kathleen to different beliefs, including socialism, communism, and nationalism. The family returned to the United States after her brother died from leukaemia and the family broke apart. Cleaver attended a Quaker boarding school near PhiladelphiaGeorge School, which had just been desegregated. She graduated with honors in 1963. She continued her education at Oberlin College, and later transferred to Barnard College. In 1966, she left college for a secretarial job with the New York office of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) after her friend from childhood, Sammy Younge, had been murdered by white supremacists. The shift of the movement was characterized by the change from “Freedom Now” to “Black Power.”

 

Kathleen Cleaver speaking at UCLA 10/22/1971

Cleaver was in charge of organizing a student conference at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. At the conference, Cleaver met the minister of information for the Black Panther PartyEldridge Cleaver, who was speaking at the conference. He had just gotten out of jail where he had written Soul on Ice. She moved to San Francisco in November 1967 to join the Black Panther Party, and just a month and a half later, right after Christmas, Eldridge and Kathleen had married. She joined about three to four weeks after Huey Newton was charged for killing an Oakland policeman in a pre-drawn shootout. It was in San Francisco that Kathleen became the Communications Secretary for the party and worked on organizing demonstrations, creating pamphlets, holding press conferences, designing posters, and speaking at rallies and on TV. Cleaver applied everything that she learned from the SNCC to the Black Panther Party. She created the position herself, motivated by Julian Bond in SNCC. Despite the fact that over two thirds of Black Panthers members were women, Cleaver was one of only a few to hold senior positions within the party. As communications secretary she was the first female member of the Party’s decision-making body. The position combined the role of spokesperson and press secretary. Cleaver organized the national campaign to free the Party’s jailed minister of defense, Huey Newton. She was among a small group of women who were prominent in the Black Panther Party, which included Elaine Brown and Ericka Huggins.

The first major attack against the Black Panther Party was in the 1960s by Los Angeles’s first SWAT team. By 1971 almost 30 of the members of the black panther party had been killed. Cleaver had a difficult time healing from the passing of so many of her colleagues and was emotionally scarred. What helped her the most was going to the root of it all, which was finding where the anxiety and trauma came from. As time went on, there was a group of women from the Black Panther Party, including Cleaver, who would meet up and discuss what happened to them, restore their health, and to recover from the injuries and traumatic experiences they faced In 1968 (the same year her husband ran for president on the Peace and Freedom ticket) she ran for California‘s 18th state assembly district, also as a candidate of the Peace and Freedom party. Cleaver received 2,778 votes for 4.7% of the total vote, finishing third in a four-candidate race.

As a result of their involvement with the Black Panther Party, the Cleavers were often the target of police investigations. The Cleavers’ apartment was raided in 1968 before a Panther rally by the San Francisco Tactical Squad on the suspicion of hiding guns and ammunition. Later that year, Eldridge Cleaver was said to have staged an ambush of Oakland police officers during which two police officers were injured. Cleaver was wounded and fellow Black Panther member Bobby Hutton was killed in a shootout following the initial exchange of gunfire.[10] Charged with attempted murder, he jumped bail to flee to Cuba and later went to Algeria.

When Eldridge Cleaver returned to the United States, he stated the shootout was a deliberate ambush against police. The author who broke the news of Cleaver’s claim doubted its veracity, because it was in the context of an uncharacteristic speech in which Cleaver stated “we need police as heroes,” and said that he denounced civilian review boards of police shootings because “it is a rubber stamp for murder.” The author speculated that it could have been a payoff for the Alameda County justice system, whose judge just days earlier had granted Eldridge Cleaver probation instead of prison time. Cleaver was sentenced to community service after getting charged with three counts of assault against three Oakland police officers. The PBS documentary A Huey Newton Story reported that “Bobby Hutton was shot more than twelve times after he had already surrendered and stripped down to his underwear to prove he was not armed.”

During Cleaver’s time with the Black Panther Party she helped feed people, provided medical care to families, and took families to visit loved ones in prison. She also “helped put together healing retreats for women who had been in the Black Panther Party, women who had been living underground, who had been tortured, who had been exiled.”

Kathleen Cleaver

 

RBG-Why We Wear Our Hair Like This 1968, Kathleen Cleaver of the BPP Breaks It Down

 

Kathleen Cleaver: “There needs to be another generation of Black Panthers.”

3001 Sizing Chart

UNISEX FIT & SIZE CHART

SIZEFITS CHESTLENGTH
XS34"27"
S36"28"
M40"29"
L44"30"
XL48"31"
2X52"32"
3X56"33"
4X62"34"
5x66"35"

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